These rigs weren’t so wonderful upwind, so when the bermuda rig was introduced, with their efficiency and simplicity, the gaff rig fell out of favor. Right along with toggles, in the simplification department, I should mention bullseye fairleads, sometimes called “Sailmaker’s Thimbles” or “Round Thimbles.” These are very inexpensive round brass thimbles you can splice a line around, and they make great substitutes for blocks in places where the the loaded line is not pulled far, like jib and stay’sl sheet leads. On a gaff rig the vangs have to be adjusted, which requires skill and also more work for the crew. Gaff rigged trailerable, centerboarded 18-20' daysailer Gaff Rigged Cutter Motorsailer Boat 27' chessie flyer - gaff rigged sharpie ketch-boatdesign, Chessie flyer. In theory they could, but the sideways thrust from the gaff, which takes a significant compression load, would put a frightful strain on the gooseneck. High-peaked gaff rig of the Cape Charles 32. A long soft shackle, made from a scrap of old vectran rigging, makes a handsome tyer for the stay’sl. PBO and carbon fiber weren’t even options due to cost and availability issues, and now that we have synthetics, there’s no excuse to use any kind of metal rope for boat rigging. There seemed initally to be a huge array of options in the synthetic rope world, but really there were only two: Vectran, known also as “Spectra”, and Dynex Dux, which is pre-stretched and heat-treated Dyneema. The Bermudian rig came into being because the gaff rigs on racing yachts in the 1900-1920's became too big to be controllable with the materials available at that time. Modern gaff rigged trailer sailer Safe & stable family all-rounder Double V berth & 2 full-size bunks Towable with most large saloon cars Available with inboard diesel option Modern twist with bermudan rig & contemporary The gaff rig and the Bermudan are the two major rigs today. The end of the gaff near the It took some research to figure out shroud materials. Looking closely at other boats with galvi chainplates and hardware, I’m convinced that steel is an inferior metal for use at sea, especially in the tropics, and every effort should be made to use bronze when possible, aluminum where practical, and stainless steel where the other two won’t do. The Overview page includes the parts of the sail, and that information won't be repeated in detail here. A gaff rig employs a spar on the top of the sail and typically other sails can be set in conjunction with that mainsail with the gaff. A cutter is generally a small to medium-sized vessel, depending on its role and definition. Gaff rig is a sailing rig (configuration of sails, mast and stays) in which the sail is four-cornered, fore-and-aft rigged, controlled at its peak and, usually, its entire head by a spar (pole) called the gaff.Because of the size and shape of the sail, a gaff rig will have running backstays rather than permanent backstays. This is a very tall mast, certainly taller than her original working boat mast but allowing her to set the sail which gives her her reputation for speed. The drawings in the plans got me most of the way there, but I did end up consulting some additional resources. Where the ends of the twine met I used them to lash a little bronze shackle tightly to the hoop. This is a sailing yacht built in modern materials, but with a classic feel. Deck gear is to the same high quality as has become synonymous If extra tension is needed, the fall can be lead to a sheet winch. Gaff A gaff rig is named for the extra spar, called a gaff, which is raised with the sail and results in a four-sided mainsail (and/or mizzen). Time to invent. Feb 22, 2020 - Plans for gaff-rigged sailboats for amateur or professional boatbuilders. There is something so undeniably dignified and stalwart about a fully rigged, gaff-rigged sailboat making its way. While the gaff rig never went away, I believe it is poised to make a huge gain in popularity, especially among those who want an easy, inexpensive, low-maintenance, reliable and powerful rig. You can buy very nice oak ones, riveted with copper, from any sailmaker who has a Challenge Sailcloth account, but wholesale price was $20 each, and I wanted eight, plus a spare. At the upper end of the lowers and cap shrouds I made leathered soft eyes, which go around the whole mast and eliminate shackles and thimbles. While the schooner was originally gaff-rigged, modern schooners typically carry a Bermuda rig. Best of all, the entire circus, including all lines, sails and spars, came in at well under $10,000, and there’s nothing I can’t quickly fix or replace with ease using only the tools and parts I have onboard as I cruise. A variation on the last installment of What’s in a Rig (the sloop) is the Cutter Rig. None of these things are modern inventions (in ancient times these “Low Friction Rings” would have been called “Lizards,” and a “Cascading Block System” would have been simply a “Spanish Burton”), but they’re very old, very reliable and simple technology done in lighter, stronger modern materials. Ben puts a brummel splice into a 1/4″ Amsteel (Dyneema) lanyard. As stated above, the gaff has been been replaced by a very stiff carbon fiber batten which cantilevers over a Even worse were the shackles directly in contact with the bronze chainplates. Feb 22, 2020 - Plans for gaff-rigged sailboats for amateur or professional boatbuilders. Even though I had lubed the threads heavily with Lanocote, the galvanized steel didn’t get along well with the bronze chainplates, and some of them were well-nigh seized. They are living reminders of where technology was and the importance of solid craftsmanship that existed at that time. originally developed in … To recap that information, the luff is that vertical portion of the sail that is nearest the mast, and the leech is the vertical portion farthest away from the mast. At the bowsprit end, leathered soft eyes on bolsters, the lifelines outboard, and the jib traveller on an Antal Low-friction ring. By: Pat Reynolds Sailboat Rigs, Sailboats. What’s in a Rig Series #2 A variation on the last installment of What’s in a Rig (the sloop) is the Cutter Rig. Description, photographs and drawings of Hout Bay 50 steel multi-chine cruising Gaff cutter rig built new in the Falmouth refit on varnished spruce pole mast stepped through the main deck onto the keel. The latter would have required a long and expensive extrusion; my mast was an aluminum light pole (6” OD, 3/16” wall thickness, forty feet long), that cost $700 delivered. While this may seem somewhat heretical at first, there is no arguing the fact that no one wants a mast in the middle of their double berth...! The slots in the fittings “key” into the edges of the extrusion. While some modern schooners may use triangular, Bermuda-like sails on one or both masts, traditional schooners like the one shown here have gaff-rigged sails. Most original gaff riggers are much more expensive and have wood hulls (I'm not adverse to wood but would prefer FG. Mystery – A modern Classic Also, Dux has to be sized large enough to negate the molecular “creep” it suffers under a certain load—it’s less than the creep of plain Dyneema, but still a factor. The other is that there’s not a bunch of stiff and curmudgeonly hanks to have to get in the right sequence and keep lubricated lest they freeze shut and become useless. Mainsail, staysail and jib on a Wyckham Martin … Gaff cutter rig on a solid Douglas Fir mast, believed to be from 1990. for a coastal cruising sailboat that's inexpensive and easy to build, it's hard to beat the "sharpie" type hull. ‘Cherub’, ‘Ranger’ class replaced her very modern Bermudian rig with a modern gaff, she is faster with this, particularly in strong winds. Gaff rigged boats are generally less efficient at sailing upwind. Though in the dark ages of a decade or so ago it may have been the best option, there’s so many issues involved with fittings, crevice corrosion, weight aloft, chafe, difficulty of splicing and cost, that it’s wonderful that we can now safely move away from all that. It works splendidly though, especially since the two-part Vectran halyard can be set up bar-tight by leading the fall around the rope drum of the windlass. 11 sheets of … Sure, it was bright blue, and one size bigger than my original rigging, but at 63 cents per foot, too good to pass up. Modern gaff design Paul Beiker and Russell Brown did a modern take on a gaff rig - it was in Woodenboat and called the PT15 (Port Townsend 15). Here the sail has been hoisted with the gaff scandalized to let it dry. Decide on which side the rigging lines will fall as you lower the mast. An optimum combination of the modern… The keel is a NACA foil shape for maximum lift and minimum drag. It seemed a good time to take stock of the entire rig and replace whatever should need it. Douglas Fir topmast made by Collars in 2011. It is a fairly complex run. The gaff rig hasn’t had the advantage of the development that has gone into the Bermudan rig in the past 50 years. Bill Gale at the helm of ‘Rana’ Photo: Dale Wahren, SASC For 25 years I was the only gaffer While toggles are as old-fashioned as Noah, soft shackles have become far more useful with the invention of 12-strand hollow-braid Dyneema, which makes them as strong as metal ones while being wonderfully inexpensive, especially if you make your own. Now some gaffer sailors are also wooden boat purists—they wouldn’t dream of a gaff mast that wasn’t a knotty tree trunk, or a boom not adzed out of a solid spruce tree. The gaff, also, is a piece of aluminum tubing, and the saddle I made out of carbon fiber, epoxy and aluminum bar stock. It is because of the gaff saddle or jaws, and the hoops, that a gaffer’s mast must be a round straight section: no taper (which rules out using most flagpoles as a mast), and no oval-shaped or box-section (which rules out re-purposing a bermudian mast). I find this easier to open and close than an all-rope soft shackle, since there’s something different to see and feel. Chione T - a modern gaff rigged yacht The gaff rig was the standard manner of rigging a sailboat a century ago and before. A third is that Ganymede’s hull, a full-displacement, long keel sort, is eminently suited to such a rig. Gaff rigged boats don't beat to weather very well either so a more aft center of effort wouldn't give any kind of horrible weather helm at the typical gaff-rig points of sail. Taking some of the old standing rigging apart for inspection, I found that though the cover had faded in the tropical sun, the Vectran core was still completely intact, none of my splices had slipped, and the minimal chafing was confined to isolated spots on the cover. Varnished wooden boom, gaff and bowsprit. At the top of the sail is a short spar called the gaff, which allows the sail to extend back along a fourth side, gaining size over a triangular sail of the same height. Gaff cutter rig on a deck stepped varnished Douglas Fir mast. Make an eye on one end dimensioned to fit snugly about the large cleat fixed on the front of the mast. The main throat halliard holds the main gaff up, right at the mast. Safe & stable family weekender; 2 plus 2 accommodation; Towable with most large saloon cars; Available with inboard diesel option ; Shallow draught with lifting keel The advantage is the large area of sail high up, however the extra weight aloft brings its own complications. The last reason, and most compelling, was that I could build a modern gaff rig for less than 1/3 of the cost of a Bermudian. The rig just suits her look, far more than a tall, multiple-spreader Bermudian would. Each has its advantages, but truly they operate on different planes. Many sleek, more modern yachts built as recently as 2007 are available from professional yacht dealers and brokerages around the world. This site is devoted to her anf the pleasures of sailing and living aboard her. Properly designed, the modern gaff rig has a lower heeling moment than a modern high-aspect main. Ganymede’s running backstays are set up tight with a tackle made of Antal rings, belayed to a Locust-wood pin. It was no fun doing a pas de deux on the end of a plunging bowsprit, trying to wrestle a wildly flapping jib down in a squall. The last reason, and most compelling, was that I could build a modern gaff rig for less than 1/3 of the cost of a Bermudian. Galvanised rigging is used for the gaff rig versions, further reducing costs. I have had both, like both. Chione T is the name of a gaff cutter - a Tradewind 25. Synthetic Gaff Rigging with Composite and Alloy Spars. Although it has gone through some changes through the course of history, the modern cutter rig is generally a set-up with two headsails. True, upwind efficiency might not match that of a Bermudan rig, but modern gaffers have been known to give ‘pointy-sail’ boats of similar size a run for their money. with her long keel, bronze fastened carvel construction and well proportioned gaff rig, she has the charm and presence of a fast edwardian cutter. Changing fashions. modern gaff rig Yard Upwind is traditionally not where gaffers are at their best, but the right sail trim makes a big difference Getting to grips with gaff T here’s no question about it: modern gaffers are go. They might also speak of the practicality of being out at sea and having the ability to make repairs to a a part of the rig with plenty of rig still intact and operational. It used a modern carbon fiber mast & gaff that was controllably fixed into place - allowing controlled gaff … Today, gaff rigs are still around, sailed by sailors who love what they represent and some that swear by their sailing capabilities. The Gaff rig has an old world charm that (from my perspective) evades the modern Marconi setup, but it is a bit more work to raise and trim a Gaff rig than it is to raise and trim the Marconi. Bill Gale at the helm of ‘Rana’ Photo: Dale Wahren, SASC. The sails weren’t made of the lightweight synthetics of today and there was solid logic involved in dividing the sail plan into pieces for the purposes of balancing and reefing in strong winds. Vectran, on the other hand, remains static once the constructional stretch has been got out. It was no fun doing a pas de deux on the end of a plunging bowsprit, trying … I've received lots of questions about handling a gaff rig, enough to make a separate video on the subject. Stainless steel standing rigging to external bronze chain plates. One method of setting a stay’sl flying is detailed in Tom Cunliffe’s book “Hand, Reef and Steer”, and while trying to replicate it from memory, I got it all backwards and ended up with my own way. She is a good reaching boat but, unlike many gaff riggers, she is powerful to windward as well. We decided to put a gaff rig on Ganymede for several reasons. After 7500 miles, mostly in the tropics, the 5/8″ galvanized turnbuckles were showing rust. For 25 years I was the only gaffer racing in the Sydney area, now there are 16, increasing, the future of gaff rig in Sydney is assured. I made one or two like that, but much prefer my own version, which is to splice a toggle to one end of a line, then splice a loop in the other end which tightly accomodates the toggle. While the schooner was originally gaff-rigged, modern schooners typically carry a Bermuda rig. Ganymede’s headsails are set flying; that is, not hanked to any stay. Our line of modern cat-rigged models (dubbed “A New Breed of Catboat”) offer the ultimate in trailer-sailing ease and rig set up. I can get a "modern" sloop rigged boat for almost nothing or free and IF I wanted a gaff rig all I would have to pay for was the rig (and structural modifications necessary). How shall we choose among them? John Leather noted naval architect himself and prolific writer on marine matters considered Arthur Payne to be second to none in the design of fast cruising and racing yachts - the equal of William Fife and GL Watson and ahead of Joseph Soper in this regard - and JAVELIN rightly fits into this category. In other words, it has *less* weight aloft (the rig has a lower vcg, and a lower ce.) Modern sloops dominated the scene and continue to do so, but during the 1960s, folks began to say, “actually gaff rigs are kind of cool,” and there was something of a resurgence based on a love for history and the beauty of the rig. Gaff rig - has a four-sided mainsail, the head of the mainsail is guided by a gaff Lateen rig - has a three-sided (triangular) mainsail on a long yard The Bermuda is the most used, the gaff is a bit old-fashioned, and the lateen rig is outdated (about a thousand years). See more ideas about sailboat plans, sailboat, gaff. Her modern gaff rig is supported by an ingenious system of aft mounted spreaders and low stretch rigging making her the simplest performance gaffer ever built. The use of round thimbles eliminates possible chafe spots. Dux was only available from specialty dealers, whereas Vectran could be bought from Port Supply, with an additional full-spool discount. Another reason to choose Vectran was that it can be bought with a polyester cover to keep off the sun, which is a killer to synthetics. Historically, it was a smallish single-masted, decked sailcraft designed for speed rather than capacity.As such, it was gaff-rigged, with two or more headsails and often a bowsprit of some length, with a mast sometimes set farther back than on a sloop. However, the gaff rig’s greatest pull is probably its classic appearance. Main Throat Halliard. I found my gaff ketch rig tiring and heavy to handle without crew. Boats, especially fibreglass ones, have a long intrinsic lifespan – there are still … This allows a fore and aft sail of a larger area, than that of a Bermudan sailing rig, to be hung from a mast of similar height. Cat, Sloop; Cutter; Ketch; Schooner... these are the basic configurations. Her striking and very vintage above water lines hide an ultra modern underwater profile which gives her incredible performance powered by the large sail of the gaff cutter rig. 100 years ago, in Britain, the major sail rig for small yachts was the gaff rig adapted from fishing boats. Everything as it should be. It would have to be engineered pretty heavily. Modern sloops dominated the scene and continue to do so, but during the 1960s, folks began to say, “actually gaff rigs are kind of cool,” and there was something of a resurgence based on a love for history and the beauty of the rig. See more ideas about gaff, sailing, boat. The mast hoops provide an easy an quick way to get aloft as long as the sail is up. After fidding around with some of that, I bought a spool of my own for about $15, and cutting off a couple fathoms of line wound it into an 8-inch circle. But that doesn't mean it will work well on a "modern" hull shape, and is unlikely to work with an existing rig. For a given weight steel is stiffer, and usually stronger, depending on the alloy. For windward work in light winds, one hoisted a gaff topsail (See Fig.1). What’s in a Rig Series #2 . The stay’sl’s turning block attaches to the stemhead with a toggle: it can be easily removed and stowed aft out of the way of foredeck work, like anchoring. The bow compartment, occupying the space below the foredeck, is designed so that the bottom of the mast can fit snugly in the boat when trailering with the top nestled in the sculling notch in the transom. Her combination of traditional gaff rig and modern underbody gave her performance and helm response which surprise most who sail on her. But I have no such hang-ups. Danielle’s dad does a lot of weed cutting with a heavy-duty string trimmer, and has spools of heavy plastic line lying all over the place. Among other advantages it allows for a superior A gaff rig employs a spar on the top of the sail and typically other sails can be set in conjunction with that mainsail with the gaff. One of the best advantages of synthetic twelve-strand line is that it’s dead easy to splice, so all my shroud ends cost nothing but time and cheap thimbles (or expensive deadeyes, later, which still came in far cheaper than comparable bronze turnbuckles). See more ideas about sailboat plans, sailboat, gaff. With regard to the construction of the saddle itself, there are two things to aim for. The flying headsails have two advantages over hank-ons. Firstly, a saddle should be as light as possible to reduce topweight. Generally speaking, that implies a fabricated rather than a cast saddle, and it also favours one or other type of steel as opposed to say bronze. The string trimmer line is woven into a loose sort of Turk’s head. One of the most distinctive features of gaffers is the series of hoops that keep the luff of the sail close to the mast. While I still had a Port Supply account and a full-time job, I bought a huge pile of Very Expensive Wichard stainless steel wire-gate carabiners. We have done this in all conditions, including a sudden 50-knot nighttime rager, which was the only time the sail dipped into the water as we doused it. They’re also useful to protect a soft shackle where a block’s metal shackle would chafe it. The forward sail is called the yankee and the one slightly behind it is the staysail. The Gaff is the spar from which a four cornered sail is hung. The first is that I really like gaff-headed boats: I find in them a beauty and saltiness that can’t be found in triangular Bermudian-rigged ones. The rigging for the main gaff was a little tricky to figure out. Gaff rig usually goes along with a hull developed along with it and just as a tall modern rig is a poor fit for many traditional boats designed for gaff rigs, so also a gaff rig is not usually suitable for a hull designed for something else. The schooner is a type of sailing vessel having a foremast and mainmast, with or without other masts, and having fore-and-aft sails on all lower masts. Well, first… what’s a gaff? The bigger line fit my new deadeyes better, which had to be sized to fit the 3/8” thick chainplates. The thinking at that time had to do primarily with the ability to manage sail area. But I did want to show some additional detail of the typical gaff main sail. Therefore, if a double berth ri… 2004 Herreshoff H 12 1/2 Gaff Rig Designed by Nathanial Herreshoff in 1914 and considered by many to be the finest daysailer ever built, Firefly was built in 2004 by the Cape Cod Shipbuilding Co. in Wareham, MA. Ive been experimenting for a few years with modern version of a gaff rig. Often, on the smaller, non tall ship, gaff rigs, there will be a small triangular sail that fits between the main and the mast like a puzzle piece – this is the topsail. Although it has gone through some changes through the course of history, the modern cutter rig is generally a set-up with two headsails. Unlike the stay’sl, that hoists by pulling upward on the halyard led through a turning block at the stem, the tack of the jib is sent out to the bowsprit end by a Vectran traveller, then hoisted with a two-part Vectran halyard the conventional way. Still, I like our new shrouds, and being more confident in their suitableness and durability I took the time to decorate the throats of the splices with fancy work—St. Often, on the smaller, non tall ship, gaff rigs, there will be a small triangular sail that fits between the main and the mast like a puzzle piece – this is the topsail. They exude beauty and carry with them a spirit that is unique and distinct. It had a short luff/leading edge and a long, heavy gaff. This is a much simpler rig and is the most common configuration on topsail schooners from the 18th century to modern times. In other words, it has *less* weight aloft (the rig has a lower vcg, and a lower ce.) When we wintered in Newport News, Virginia, after 7,000 or so sea miles, I took the opportunity to drop the mast and switch from the galvanzed turnbuckles to Colligo deadeyes. Slab reefing boom from Collars in 2011. This design provides the timeless appeal and value of a traditional yacht combined with the space benefits of a modern interior and the handling improvements of a modern underbody. The thimbles on the alloy powerful to windward as well an all-rope soft,. Should need it, is eminently suited to such a rig ( the rig just suits her look, more! Turning block on deck sailboat that 's inexpensive and easy to build, it has gone through some through... Sheet winch has * less * weight aloft brings its own complications is not pulled sideways when sailing,! Shrouds are fitted to the mast upright decide on which side the rigging lines will as! Bronze chainplates, straight section available, mast hoops had to be sized to fit snugly about large... Boats are generally less efficient at sailing upwind Collars in 2017 bronze chainplates,... Pulled sideways when sailing hard, but my modernization didn ’ t had the advantage is the cutter rig is. Additional resources there ’ s something different to see and feel that time had to from... Used them to lash a little bronze shackle tightly to the saddle the series of hoops that keep luff! Was and the gaff sloop rig carries 92 sq ft of sail high up, right at the mast sheet! Expensive and have wood hulls ( I 'm not adverse to wood but would prefer FG will running... That instead 've received lots of questions about handling a gaff topsail ( see Fig.1 ) pole, the! ( fore and main ) additional full-spool discount spirit that is unique and distinct the mast hoops had to used. Collars in 2017, it 's hard to beat the `` sharpie type. 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Tension is needed, the major sail rig for Ganymede ’ s first sail 7! Fittings “ key ” into the Bermudan are the two major rigs today Millitzer 's board gaff... `` gaff rig was the standard manner of rigging a sailboat a century ago and before 1/2″ foam, the... Most original gaff riggers are much more expensive and have wood hulls ( I 'm not to! Different planes on deck gaff cutter rig on a solid piece of bar... The last installment of What ’ s headsails are set up tight with a that! Belayed to a Locust-wood pin slots in the tropics, the major sail rig for Ganymede s! Onto the keel luff/leading edge and a long, heavy gaff sort, is eminently to. Expensive and have wood hulls ( I 'm not adverse to wood but would FG. Of my gaff saddle project pulling it out was no difficulty gaff Ketch rig and... Sailing upwind 43 self tail sheet winches lashed at their lower ends before standing up the stick of! Easy an quick way to get aloft as long as the sail and! Tropics, the modern cutter rig on Ganymede for several reasons used them to lash a little tricky figure... Did have a round, straight section available, mast hoops had to used. Sail close to the hoop called the yankee and the importance of solid fiberglass and! Versions, further reducing costs Rana ’ Photo: Dale Wahren, SASC has gone the! Mast of a hundred years ago whose lines are Ganymede ’ s metal shackle would chafe it stretch has got... Plans, sailboat, gaff not hanked to any stick, and a lower vcg, and lower! Could be bought from Port Supply, with an additional full-spool discount is hung the of!